Ancient Egypt

by Mandy Barrow

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 facts about ancient egypt for kids Facts about Egypt today ... information on ancient egypt for children
What are pyramids?


The pyramids are the stone tombs of Egypt's kings - the Pharaohs and one of the world's greatest historical mysteries. They have stood for thousands of years, filled with many hidden secrets: clues about what life (and death) was like in Ancient Egypt.

Why did the Ancient Egyptians build pyramids?

The Egyptians believed that if the pharaoh's body could be mummified after death the pharaoh would live forever. The tombs were designed to protect the buried Pharaoh's body and his belongings.

Where were they built?

Most of the pyramids can be found on the western side of the Nile River, just into the dry desert.

How does the dry desert help?

The dry desert heat worked to keep the Pharaohs's body and his belongings from decomposing and rotting away.

Why did they build pyramids next to the Nile?

The reason they built the pyramids next to the Nile River was so it would be easier to get the blocks to the pyramid. The stones could be bought nearer to the pyramid building site by boat.

What was is the name of the most famous pyramid?

The Great Pyramid is the largest and most famous of the pyramids. It was built for the Pharaoh Khuf. It is over 140 metres high and took 20 years to build.

What guards the pyramids?

The Sphinx stands in front of all the pyramids in Giza. It has the body of a lion and the head of a pharaoh.

How do pyramids help us know so much about life in Ancient Egypt?

Ancient Egyptians were buried with their belongings and the tomb walls were painted with scenes from the dead persons life. By examining the objects (artifacts) and paintings in the tombs, we have been able to understand a lot more about life in Ancient Egypt.

We can learn about how the Egyptians lived by looking at the objects stored in pyramids ready to be used in the afterlife.

We can learn about how the Egyptians lived by looking at the walls of pyramids.

In this painting we can see some of the animals they kept. What else?

What is the afterlife?

The Egyptians believed that when they died, they would make a journey to another world where they would lead a new life. They would need all the things they had used when they were alive, so their families would put those things in their graves. Egyptians paid vast amounts of money to have their bodies properly preserved. Egyptians who were poor were buried in the sand whilst the rich ones were buried in a tomb.
Find out more about mummies and the afterlife

Further Information

See inside a tomb Wow!
See the colourful tomb paintings

BBC Pyramid challenge
Journey back four and a half thousand years to Egypt's Old Kingdom, to the Pyramid Age. As the vizier, or head of state, you undertake the most important project of your career - the building of the king’s pyramid.

Pyramid Panorama
Explore the Giza Pyramids

See the different shapes of pyramids. Find out which type of pyramid was built first.

The Pyramids by Mark Telford, Aged 8yrs

Mark has answered these questions:

Who Built The Pyramids?

What Was Special About The Shape?

What Was Inside A Pyramid?

Tomb Robbers, What Power Did They Have?

Read more ....

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Construction of Pyramids

The Construction of the Pyramids
How did they build the pyramids? A major problem facing the builders was that of getting the Large stone blocks up the pyramid.


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One of the greatest pyramids was made by King Khufu....

Giza Pyramid

The Giza Pyramids
Wander through the chambers and passageways of the Great Pyramid, and learn about the pharaohs for whom these monumental tombs were built.

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©Copyright Mandy Barrow 2013

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I teach computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.

Woodlands Junior School, Hunt Road Tonbridge Kent TN10 4BB UK