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Queen Victoria


Queen Victoria is the longest reigning monarch
in UK history.

Queen Victoria was only 18 when she came to the throne and she had a lot to learn. Her reign had a rocky start. She thought that, as queen, she could do as she liked, and she quickly had to learn that she couldn't.

Queen Victoria's reign spanned sixty four years, from 1837 - 1901.

Click on the links below to find out more about Queen Victoria:

Queen VictoriaWho was Queen Victoria?

When was Queen Victoria born?

Where was Queen Victoria born?

What name was she christened as?

Childhood and School

When did Victoria become Queen?

Who did Queen Victoria marry and when?

How long exactly did Queen Victoria reign?

Why did Queen Victoria wear black?

Where did Queen Victoria live?

What hobbies did Queen Victoria have?

How did Britain change whilst Victoria was Queen?


When did Queen Victoria die?

Where is Queen Victoria buried?

Who became the next King or Queen after Victoria?

Queen Victoria’s children

What were Queen Victoria's children called?

How many children did Victoria have?

Victoria Who was Queen Victoria?

Victoria was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1837-1901) and empress of India (1876-1901). Her reign was the longest of any monarch in British history and came to be known as the Victorian era.

Did you know?
Queen Victoria was 5 foot (1.52 m) tall

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VictoriaWho were Victoria's parents?

Victoria was the only child of Prince Edward (Duke of Kent) and Princess Victoria Mary Louisa of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.

Prince Edward (1767-1820) was the fourth son of King George lll.

Find out more about Victoria's family tree.

Did you know?
Both Queen Elizabeth, the Queen today, and her consort (as her husband is known), the Duke of Edinburgh, are great-great-grandchildren of Queen Victoria.
VictoriaWhen was Queen Victoria born?
Queen Victoria was born on the 24 May in 1819.
Her father died eight months after she was born.

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VictoriaWhere was Queen Victoria born?
Victoria was born at Kensington Palace, London.

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VictoriaWhat name was Victoria christened as?
Victoria was christened 'Alexandrina Victoria'. However, from birth she was formally addressed as Her Royal Highness Princess Victoria of Kent.

Did you know?
Queen Victoria's family nickname was 'Drina'.

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VictoriaChildhood and School

Victoria was part of a family of Germans, mainly called George, who came from Hanover.

Click here to find out about Victoria's family.

Victoria's first language was German. At three years old she learnt to speak English and French. Later she learnt to speak Hindustani because she was ruler of India as well.

Victoria didn't go to school. She was taught at home. As well as learning languages, Victoria studied history, geography, and the Bible. She was taught how to play the piano and learned how to paint, a hobby that she enjoyed into her 60s.

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VictoriaWhen did Victoria become Queen?

Queen Victoria came to the throne when she was only 18 years of age on June 20, 1837. Her coronation was a year later on 28 June 1838.

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VictoriaWho did Queen Victoria marry?
At the age of 21, Victoria married her cousin, Albert of Saxe-Coburg Gotha, a German Prince. They married on the 10th February 1840 at the Chapel Royal in St. James's Palace.

Victoria had nine children, 40 grand-children and 37 great-grandchildren, scattered all over Europe. Most of Queen Victoria's children married into other royal families of Europe.

Queen Victorian and family

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VictoriaHow long exactly did Queen Victoria reign?

Queen Victoria reigned for exactly sixty-three years, seven months, and two days (June 20, 1837 - January 22, 1901). Queen Victoria is our longest ever serving monarch.

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VictoriaHow old was Victoria when she inherited the throne?
She inherited the throne at the age of eighteen, upon the death of her uncle William IV who had no legitimate children (children born to married parents).

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 VictoriaWhy did Queen Victoria wear black?
Her husband Albert died in 1861 at the young age of 42. She mourned his death for almost 10 years. For the rest of her reign she wore black.

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VictoriaWhere did Queen Victoria live?
Queen Victoria had many homes. She lived in Buckingham Palace, Windsor Castle, Osborne House (Isle of Wight) and Balmoral Castle. 

Queen Victoria was the first monarch to live in Buckingham Palace.

Did you know?
Victoria was known as the "Grandmother of Europe" because many of her children and grandchildren married into the royal families of other European countries.

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Victoria What hobbies did Queen Victoria have?

Queen Victoria loved singing and she enjoyed painting and drawing. She loved going to the opera.

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Victoria How did Britain change whilst Victoria was Queen?
Whilst Victoria was Queen there was a tremendous change in the lives of British people:

Britain became the most powerful country in the world, with the largest empire that had ever existed, ruling a quarter of the world's population.

The number of people living in Britain more than doubled, causing a huge demand for food, clothes and housing.

Factories and machines were built to meet this demand and new towns grew up, changing the landscape and the ways people lived and worked.

Railways, originally built to transport goods, meant people could travel easily around the country for the first time.

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Did you know?
Queen Victoria survived seven assassination attempts
Victoria When did Queen Victoria die?

Queen Victoria died on 22 January, 1901 at Osborne House on the Isle of Wight. She was 81.

Queen Victoria was survived by 6 children, 40 grandchildren and 37 great-grandchildren, including four future sovereigns of England: Edward VII, George V, Edward VIII and George VI. 

Victoria Where is Queen Victoria buried?

She is buried in a mausoleum at Frogmore, Windsor.

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Victoria Who became the next King or Queen after Victoria?
Queen Victoria was succeeded by her eldest son, Albert Edward, Prince of Wales. He became King Edward VII.

See our timeline of Kings and Queens of England

Victoria How many children did Queen Victoria have?

Queen Victoria had 9 children.
Find out more here


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